Yunnan Province locates itself on the southwest of China, with Guizhou Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region on the east, and Tibet Autonomous Region on the northwest. It is also a border province neighboring Burma on the west and Laos and Vietnam on the south. Yunnan runs across a maximum of 864.9 kilometers from east to the west, 900 kilometers from the north to the south, and covers an area of 394,000 square kilometers (ranking the eighth in China in terms of land area), with 84% of mountainou area, 10% of high plateau and hilly area, and 6% of basins or river valleys. The average altitude is 2000 meters, with 6740 meters the highest and 76.4 meters the lowest. The weather is varied owing to the diversified geological features across the province.
The population of Yunnan is about 48 million, with ethical minorities taking more than 40 million. 51 out the 55 ethnical minorities in China can be found living in Yunnan, among which 25 minorities have a population more than 5000 with Bai,Hani,Nisu minorities topping the list.
Yunnan is one of the three biggest forest covering areas in China, with more than 9.5 million hectors of forests covering in the province.The botanical species in the area are varied and tremendous owing to the fact that it embraces tropical, subtropical, temperate and frigid zone climates all within its provincial boundary. Yunnan has more than half of the 30,000 higher-level plants, and many of them are rare, precious, fast-growing species. There are many kinds of plants widely used for aromatic, medical, ornamental purposes. Hence Yunnan has long been crowned such names as “Kingdom of Spices”, “Treasure Island of Medical Material”and others.
Yunnan is abundant with tourist resources. There are 6 tourist sites rated as national scenery sites including South Stone Forest, Dali Ancient Town, Yulong Snow Mountain etc, and three historical and cultural cities as Kunming, Dali and Lijiang. When travelling in Yunnan, people would experience its striking ethnical features as well as natural beauty. Tourists see local people in all colorful costumes of their own nationalities, taste many different delicacies, and join festivities celebrated by different nationalities like Yi people’s Torch Festival, Bai’s Streets in March, and Yi’s Water-splashing Festival etc.